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Science

  cell

Anatomy and Physiology                      Chemistry   

 

 

  Physical Science                                     Environmental Science                                   Biology

  physsci        env       biology is life

Biology

Students will:

1. Select appropriate laboratory glassware, balances, time measuring equipment, and optical instruments to conduct an experiment.

Describing the steps of the scientific method

Comparing controls, dependent variables, and independent variables

Identifying safe laboratory procedures when handling chemicals and using Bunsen burners and laboratory glassware

Using appropriate SI units for measuring length, volume, and mass

2. Describe cell processes necessary for achieving homeostasis, including active and passive transport, osmosis, diffusion, exocytosis, and endocytosis.

Identifying functions of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids in cellular activities

Comparing the reaction of plant and animal cells in isotonic, hypotonic, and hypertonic solutions

Explaining how surface area, cell size, temperature, light, and pH affect cellular activities

Applying the concept of fluid pressure to biological systems

Examples: blood pressure, turgor pressure, bends, strokes

3. Identify reactants and products associated with photosynthesis and cellular respiration and the purposes of these two processes.

4. Describe similarities and differences of cell organelles, using diagrams and tables.

Identifying scientists who contributed to the cell theory

Examples: Hooke, Schleiden, Schwann, Virchow, van Leeuwenhoek

Distinguishing between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

Identifying various technologies used to observe cells

Examples: light microscope, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope

5. Identify cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems as levels of organization in the biosphere.

Recognizing that cells differentiate to perform specific functions

Examples: ciliated cells to produce movement, nerve cells to conduct electrical charges

6. Describe the roles of mitotic and meiotic divisions during reproduction, growth, and repair of cells.

Comparing sperm and egg formation in terms of ploidy

Example: ploidy-haploid, diploid

Comparing sexual and asexual reproduction

7. Apply Mendel's law to determine phenotypic and genotypic probabilities of offspring.

Defining important genetic terms, including dihybrid cross, monohybrid cross, phenotype, genotype, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant trait, recessive trait, incomplete dominance, codominance, and allele

Interpreting inheritance patterns shown in graphs and charts

Calculating genotypic and phenotypic percentages and ratios using a Punnett square

8. Identify the structure and function of DNA, RNA, and protein.

Explaining relationships among DNA, genes, and chromosomes

Listing significant contributions of biotechnology to society, including agricultural and medical practices

Examples: DNA fingerprinting, insulin, growth hormone

Relating normal patterns of genetic inheritance to genetic variation

Example: crossing-over

Relating ways chance, mutagens, and genetic engineering increase diversity

Examples: insertion, deletion, translocation, inversion, recombinant DNA

Relating genetic disorders and disease to patterns of genetic inheritance

Examples: hemophilia, sickle cell anemia, Down's syndrome, Tay-Sachs disease, cystic fibrosis, color blindness, phenylketonuria (PKU)

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